The act of burning a material and then inhaling the smoke that is produced in order to taste and absorb it into one's bloodstream is known as smoking. The material most frequently used is dried tobacco leaves, which are rolled into an extended cylinder known as a cigarette using a tiny piece of paper. The leaves of the tobacco plant are used to make tobacco. Nicotine is a substance that is very addictive. You inhale harmful and carcinogenic compounds when you smoke tobacco in cigarettes, cigars, or pipes.
The Importance of Understanding What is Considered Halal and Haram in Islam
The Arabic word halal means lawful or permitted. The Al-Quran is the source of what is halal and what is haram, which is utilized to characterize things and behaviors. Islam is a natural way of life that includes the idea of cooperation and a brotherhood-based economic system built on the laws of consultation and nutrition for all people.
The term "halal" in the Quran refers to something permissible, lawful, or legal. The term "haram" (forbidden, illicit, or illegal) is against the law.
Islam's core ideas of haram (forbidden) and halal (permissible) govern every element of a Muslim's life. It's important to comprehend these principles for several reasons:
Spiritual Purity: It is said that keeping halal and haram foods will cleanse one's soul and bring one closer to God. It is believed that abstaining from haram activities is a means of purging sin and fostering holiness.
Physical Well-Being: For example, halal dietary requirements discourage the use of hazardous drugs and encourage the adoption of good eating practices. This may improve one's general state of mind and body.
Community Cohesion: Respecting and being aware of what is haram and halal helps Muslims feel more united and share common ideals. It makes it possible for cooperation, trust, and a shared sense of what is acceptable in the faith.
Obedience to God: Observing what is halal and what is haram is regarded as a way to worship and submit to God. It shows a dedication to life by His instructions and obedience to His will.
Moral Compass: Muslims can navigate difficult situations and make moral decisions by using the moral framework that halal and haram give. They act as a sharp contrast between good and wrong, directing behavior in interpersonal interactions, business dealings, and other areas.
Is Smoking a Sin?
In recent times, the harms of tobacco use have been established without a shadow of a doubt, and Islamic scholars have unitedly declared that tobacco use is categorically forbidden (haram) for believers. They now denounce this habit in the strongest terms imaginable. This is an illustrative case:
Because of the harm that tobacco produces, it is haram (forbidden) to grow, trade, or smoke tobacco. The Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded, "Do not hurt anyone, including yourself."
According to the Qur'an, Allah says that the Prophet, peace be upon him, 'enjoins upon them that which is beautiful and pure, and prohibits them that which is unwholesome.
That is why cigarette smoke is bad.(Permanent Committee of Academic Research and Fatwa, Saudi Arabia).
The Quran calls on us to apply reason and knowledge, to seek guidance from Allah regarding what is good and wrong, and to follow broad norms in several circumstances.
Islamic scholars have historically issued new legal rulings (fatwas) on subjects not included in traditional Islamic writing by applying their expertise and discernment. The official writings of Islam encourage this strategy. Allah states in the Quran,
The Prophet(PBUH) gives them instructions on what is right and forbids them from doing evil; he permits them to do what is good and forbids them from doing what is bad. (Quran 7:157).
Islamic View on Smoking and Health
Islam emphasizes preserving the sanctity of life. It also advocates and promotes good health. This includes making decisions that are good for your physical and emotional health. So, how does this viewpoint apply to smoking in Islam?
Discussion on Islamic Principles Regarding Health and Body Care
The distinction between health and illness in Islamic culture was and still is seen as balance and imbalance, or the Humoral Theory. In times of psychological and spiritual difficulty, Muslims have historically turned to the Qur'an for solace.
The following Prophetic sayings are used to encourage patients to seek adequate medical treatment when they are ill.
"There is no disease that Allah has created, except that He also has created its remedy." Number 58 in Volume 7, Book 71.
"Taking proper care of one's health is the right of the body." Muslim as-siyyam 183, 193, Bukhari as-Sawm 55, an-Nikah 89, Nisai
"The Prophet not only advised sick people to take medicine, but he also invited expert physicians to do so."
How Smoking (Cigarettes) Relates to These Principles
Smoking is clearly detrimental, causing a variety of health issues. These commonly include lung cancer, heart disease, and respiratory ailments.
As a result, engaging in a practice that is obviously harmful to your health would be considered destructive and opposed to Islamic beliefs.
Smoking means spending money on cigarettes that may be utilized for more constructive causes such as charity or family assistance.
Secondhand smoking is harmful to the health of others around you, especially youngsters and the elderly. This creates ethical considerations about causing harm to others as a result of your conduct.
Cigarettes: Historical and Religious Context
Tobacco and its derivatives have a long history. Tobacco, or Nicotiana tabacum, is a member of the Nicotiana genus, which is closely related to the toxic nightshade and was originally only found in the Americas.
Brief History of Cigarettes
For approximately 8000 years, tobacco has grown wild in the Americas. Tobacco was first chewed and smoked during cultural or religious rites and festivities around 2,000 years ago.
Christopher Columbus was the first European to discover smoking. Tobacco was first planted in Europe (at Santo Domingo) around 1531.
By 1600, tobacco consumption had expanded throughout Europe and England, and it was being used as a monetary standard, a trend that would last for the rest of the century.
By the 1700s, smoking had grown more popular, and a tobacco industry had emerged.
Cigarette-making machines were invented in the later half of the nineteenth century. The earliest such machines generated approximately 200 cigarettes per minute (today's devices create approximately 9,000 cigarettes per minute).
During this time, tobacco businesses were able to extend their markets due to low-cost mass production and the use of cigarette advertising.
Analysis of Cigarette Smoking From an Islamic Perspective
In Islam, preserving life and promoting well-being are fundamental principles. Examining cigarette smoking through this lens requires introspection and consideration of various aspects:
Verses like "And do not kill yourselves. Surely, Allah is Ever-Merciful to you." (Quran 4:29)
Highlight the sanctity of life and the responsibility to safeguard it. Smoking obviously harms health, increasing risks of lung cancer, heart disease, and other ailments.
Choosing such a detrimental practice would contradict the Islamic imperative to protect oneself from avoidable harm.
Islam encourages responsible use of resources. Spending on cigarettes diverts funds from potentially more beneficial uses like charity, supporting family, or personal development.
This raises concerns about wasteful expenditure, particularly when alternative, healthier choices exist.
Dr. Nasr Farid Wasil, Egypt's Grand Mufti, declared in 2000 that smoking was haram (forbidden) in Islam due to its negative health effects.
The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), an institution of Indonesian religious academics, pronounced smoking in public or near pregnant women haram (forbidden) in 2009, while declaring smoking in general to be makruh (discouraged or repugnant).
The Islamic perspective on smoking promotes prioritizing one's own health and well-being. Respecting the lives and health of others, and making educated decisions that are consistent with ethical and moral ideals.
Marijuana in Islamic Teachings
Marijuana legality and religious permissibility is a difficult issue with varying perspectives among the Islamic community.
The Status Of Marijuana In Islam
Islam places an emphasis on the protection of life and health. This notion serves as the foundation for many conversations about substances such as marijuana. The Quranic verses and hadiths underline the need of protecting oneself and others.
Intoxicants are forbidden in Islam because they alter awareness and impair judgment. While the level of drunkenness caused by marijuana is debatable, its psychoactive effects raise issues about sticking to this guideline.
Comparison Of Marijuana Use To Traditional Cigarette Smoking
Health Consequences: Marijuana and cigarette smoking both have negative health consequences. While smoking is linked to lung cancer and other respiratory illnesses. marijuana use is linked to risks such as cognitive impairment and mental health difficulties.
Religious Considerations: Both substances raise issues about breaching the intoxication prohibition and perhaps causing harm to oneself and others. However, the degree of intoxication and perceived health hazards may differ between experts.
Before making a decision based on your conscience and your convictions, thoroughly consider Islamic principles, scholarly viewpoints, and potential health hazards.
Remember that seeking knowledge and assistance from authorized Islamic sources is critical when dealing with difficult ethical and legal concerns.
Vaping: A Safer Alternative or Another Sin?
In the Islamic world, vaping, or inhaling and exhaling the aerosol created by an electronic cigarette or similar device, offers a complicated quandary. To determine if it is a safer alternative to traditional smoking or yet another sin, Islamic criteria must be applied.
Introduction To Vaping
Vaping produces aerosol, which can be harmful to onlookers, particularly youngsters. Even with a seemingly "safer" option, this presents ethical problems about bringing harm to others through your actions.
Islam places an emphasis on self-preservation and the protection of others. Verse like "And do not commit suicide." Allah is indeed Ever-Merciful to you." (Quran 4:29) emphasize the worth of life and the need to protect it.
While vaping may appear to be less dangerous than smoking, significant health hazards like as nicotine addiction, lung damage, and respiratory infections raise worries about breaking this concept.
What Is Vaping?
The act of inhaling and exhaling the aerosol created by an electronic cigarette or similar device is known as vaping. These devices, commonly referred to as "vapes," heat a liquid (known as e-liquid or vape juice) until it transforms into vapor, which the user then inhales.
Islamic Viewpoint On The Use Of Vaping As Alternative To Smoking
In Islam, it is forbidden to consume chemicals that alter consciousness and impair judgment.
While the intoxicating effects of vaping are contested, nicotine, a major component in e-cigarettes, is highly addictive and has been linked to cognitive decline. This creates questions regarding following the Islamic concept of abstaining from intoxicants.
Nicotine is very addicting and can be harmful to one's health. It is especially risky for children and teenagers since it might disrupt their natural brain development. When pregnant women use nicotine, it might cause premature births or possibly birth abnormalities.
Nicotine addiction can grow to dependence, making it difficult to make free decisions and meet religious commitments. This component runs counter to Islam's emphasis on free will and personal accountability.
Although vaping appears to be safer than smoking, we advise individuals to avoid both. Quitting is difficult, but it is worthwhile.
Some people attempt to quit smoking by vaping, however the FDA has not approved vaping as a therapy option. Instead of vaping, we advise smokers who want to quit to consult with their doctors.
There are numerous other techniques that can assist in breaking the habit, and the best way to use them is to develop a treatment plan with a professional.
E-cigarettes: The Modern Dilemma
E-cigarettes were once lauded as a possible method of quitting smoking. They have grown into a complex public health problem. They may be less dangerous than traditional cigarettes. There are still concerns about their safety, addictive potential, and impact on children.
E-cigarettes, unlike cigarettes, do not contain tar and do not burn. This potentially reduces exposure to dangerous chemicals. Some smokers regard them as a first step toward quitting or reducing harm.
The Rise Of E-cigarettes And Their Popularity
E-cigarettes offer a smoke-free alternative. This reduces secondhand smoke exposure as well as the social stigma associated with smoking.
The lack of smoke and odor made e-cigarettes socially acceptable in settings where smoking was prohibited, which was a big benefit for smokers.
Unlike cigarettes, which had a monotonous taste, e-cigarettes offered a dynamic world of flavors, drawing both smokers and non-smokers who were intrigued by the novelty.
Their sleek appearance, programmable capabilities, and rechargeable batteries led to their perception as stylish and futuristic devices.
E-cigarette businesses started strong marketing strategies, frequently aimed at young people via social media and influencer endorsements.
They became widely available both online and in physical places, allowing them to reach a wider audience, including children.
Initially, e-cigarettes appeared to be less expensive than traditional cigarettes, which increased their appeal, particularly among younger groups.
Despite the lack of tar, most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, a highly addictive drug. This can develop to dependence, maintaining the cycle of addiction and potentially leading to later tobacco usage.
E-cigarettes are a new phenomenon, and the long-term health consequences of vaping are still being studied. The risk of lung damage, cardiovascular ailments, and other health issues persists.
However, the recent shift toward non-refillable e-cigarettes has produced a new environmental problem. The nicotine, lithium, and other metal-containing devices cannot be reused or recycled. They are also not permitted to be thrown away under federal environmental law.
Teens and adults in the United States purchase approximately 12 million disposable vapes per month. Local officials are figuring out their own ways to dispose of e-cigarettes collected from schools, colleges, vape shops, and other locations in the absence of federal direction.
The disposal process has grown both expensive and complex. In New York City, for example, regulators are confiscating hundreds of thousands of prohibited vapes from local businesses and disposing of them for approximately 85 cents each.
Debating the halal or haram status of e-cigarettes in Islam.
Fatwas and Scholarly Opinions
A fatwa's main objective is to offer direction and clarification regarding Islamic law, doctrine, and customs. Fatwas are given in answer to particular queries from people or groups.
The scholar will respond by drawing on their understanding of Islamic jurisprudence and legislation. The scholar who issues the fatwa has the last say on its validity. This implies that the person or group seeking the fatwa has to respect the scholar's judgment.
Collection of Fatwas and Opinions from Islamic Scholars on Smoking
The world's prominent Islamic scholars agree that smoking is an illegal conduct and must be prohibited under Islamic law.
Dr Nasr Farid Wasil, Egypt's Grand Mufti, ruled that smoking was forbidden in Islam due to its negative health effects.
"Smoking and all forms of it are prohibited," says Syeikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz, rahimahullah. Medical professionals discussed the dangers of these substances.
Indeed, Allah SWT forbids Muslims from causing themselves damage. As a result, those who smoke shisha must quit smoking it and refrain from engaging in such behavior in the future."
- "Smoking cigarettes and shisha are both prohibited," says Syeikh Muhammad bin Salih al-'Uthaymeen, rahimahullah. It has been shown hazardous through scientific and medical studies, and as a result, it is illegal."
"...And it is now known (due to the advancement of science and medicine) that cigarettes and shisha are greatly harmful because they contain dangerous and poisonous chemicals,"
Syeikh Dr. Nuh Ali Salman (Former Mufti of Jordan) says, Doctors have agreed that it will cause chronic ailments that could lead to death, whether it is immediate or delayed. As a result, smoking them is forbidden and should be avoided by society..."
Smoking cigarettes is illegal, according to Syeikh Dr. Salih bin Fauzan's fatwa. Furthermore, during the question and answer period, he was asked if smoking cigarettes and shisha is forbidden, to which he replied that it is, as is profiting from it.
Smoking cigarettes is likewise prohibited, according to Syeikh Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid. He claims there is no difference between cigarettes and shisha, despite data indicating that shisha is more dangerous than cigarettes.
The Saudi Lajnah Daimah Fatwa Council concluded that smoking cigarettes and shisha is prohibited since it is dangerous and wasteful.
Health Risks Associated with Smoking and Alternatives
Cigarette smoking is linked to a number of health problems, including
- Lung, throat, esophageal, bladder, and pancreatic cancer.
- It increases the risk of a heart attack, stroke, and high blood pressure.
- Respiratory problems such chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and COPD.
- Diabetes, infertility, and osteoporosis.
Vaping involves inhaling steam rather than smoke. This makes it more appealing than smoking cigarettes.
However, the liquid contains hazardous compounds that have not been well researched. These are some examples:
- Flavors derived from chemicals
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
- CBD oils
E-cigarette chemicals have also been linked to a variety of health issues, including cancer. These are some examples:
Lung disease (see "Lung disease linked to e-cigarettes" for more information).
Acute pulmonary edema
Cancer of the lungs
The toxins present in secondhand e-cigarette emissions have also been related to significant lung diseases.
The sort of toxins present, as well as their quantity, vary among devices. However, all e-cigarettes are dangerous. They are either restricted or forbidden in over 100 countries worldwide.
In 2019, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) deemed it illegal to sell them to minors under the age of 18.
The Use of Marijuana is Related to a Number of Health Risks
- It causes bronchitis and other respiratory diseases.
- Regular marijuana usage, is associated with an increased risk of psychosis and schizophrenia among youth.
- Memory impairment, learning, and attention deficit disorder has been reported in youngsters.
- Marijuana is highly addictive, and long-term use can lead to dependence.
Islamic Teachings on Self-Care And Preservation
The scientific data is clear: smoking and vaping are harmful to one's health. When we combine these facts with the essential values of self-care and preservation, however, a deeper understanding arises for people who follow Islamic teachings.
"Do not take your own lives," the Quran says. Allah is certainly Most Merciful to you." 4:29 (Surat An-Nisa).
It emphasizes the sanctity of life and our responsibility to protect it. Smoking and vaping directly contradict this precept, putting at risk a blessing bestowed upon us by Allah.
Our bodies are amanahs, or trusts bestowed by Allah on us. "Your body has rights upon you," stated the Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu alaihi wasallam). (Sahih Muslim, page 2502).
This Hadith underlines the need of taking care of our physical health. We neglect this responsibility and fail to accomplish this amanah by selecting self-destructive practices such as smoking and vaping.
Making healthy choices is an act of faith, a display of gratitude for the gifts of life and health, and a commitment to fulfilling our roles as responsible stewards of ourselves and our communities.
We can make informed choices that are consistent with our faith and protect our precious health by reflecting on these Islamic principles and scientific findings.
Remember that you are a work of art created by Allah. Give yourself the respect and attention you deserve.
Community Perspectives and Social Impact
Muslims are vulnerable to the established health dangers associated with smoking.
Medical costs associated with smoking-related ailments can place a strain on individual families and community resources, diverting funding away from other critical requirements such as education or philanthropic initiatives.
Smoking behavior can create a bad example for younger generations, tempting susceptible youth to follow in their footsteps.
Like any other community, the Muslim community is not homogeneous. Individual smoking attitudes and practices will differ greatly. This conversation seeks to highlight potential negative consequences while also acknowledging existing initiatives and chances for good change.
Among Islamic scholars, there is no single, universally accepted stance against smoking. Some consider it haram (forbidden) because of its detrimental consequences, while others consider it makrooh .
While the permissibility of various alternatives, such as vaping or nicotine-free options, may be debated, understanding their potential risks and health consequences, as well as seeking guidance from reputable scholars, may assist in making conscious choices aligned with Islamic values of self-care and minimizing harm.
Focusing on the faith's shared ideals of health, well-being, and collective responsibility can be a potent motivator for addressing the issue of smoking within the Muslim community.
We can pave the path for a future when Muslim communities prosper without the shadow of smoking by encouraging informed choices, advocating for healthy lifestyles, and creating bridges of understanding.
References and Further Reading
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/index.htm
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts
American Lung Association: https://www.lung.org/quit-smoking
Books And Articles:
"Smoking from an Islamic Perspective" by Dr. Muhammad Abdul Bari:
"The Muslim's Guide to Health and Well-being" by Dr. Omar Suleiman
"Islam and Modern Challenges" by Dr. Jonathan Brown
Resources For Further Exploration:
Islamweb: Features fatwas from various scholars on diverse topics, including smoking. Useful for accessing diverse perspectives.
Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah: Offers fatwas and Islamic legal opinions on various issues, including smoking. Trusted source for authoritative rulings.
SeekersGuidance: Provides scholarly articles and fatwas on contemporary issues, including smoking and vaping. Offers resources in English and Arabic.
Yaqeen Institute: Features articles and lectures by prominent Islamic scholars, including discussions on health and well-being. Offers a more philosophical and contextual understanding.